💌Gestational Diabetes(GDM) 💌
🏮 GDM is a potential
threat to maternal and child health in Pakistan. Women with GDM are
becoming an ideal group for primary prevention of diabetes, as women
with GDM are at increased risk of developing Type 2 diabetes.
🚨The prevalence of GDM has #increased 11-fold in women from the Indian subcontinent. In #Pakistan
Prevalence of GDM has been reported to be from 4.2% to 26%. 🚨🚨🚨
In women with GDM blood sugar usually returns to normal soon after delivery. 🔺But if you’ve had gestational diabetes, you have a higher risk of getting type 2 diabetes. 🔺You’ll need to be tested for changes in blood sugar more often.
Some women have a greater risk of gestational diabetes. Risk factors for gestational diabetes include the following:
♦️Overweight and obesity.
♦️A lack of physical activity.
♦️Previous gestational diabetes or prediabetes.
♦️Polycystic ovary syndrome.
♦️♦️Diabetes in an immediate family member.
♦️Previously delivering a baby weighing more than 9 pounds (4.1 kilograms).
♦️Race — Women who are Black, Hispanic, American Indian and Asian American have a higher risk of developing gestational diabetes.
🔴Complications that may affect your baby
If you have gestational diabetes, your baby may be at increased risk of:
🔸Excessive birth weight. Very large babies — those who weigh 9 pounds or more — are more likely to become wedged in the birth canal, have birth injuries or need a C-section birth.
🔸Early (preterm) birth.
🔸Serious breathing difficulties. Babies born early to mothers with GDM may experience respiratory distress syndrome — a condition that makes breathing difficult.
🔸Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia). Sometimes babies of mothers with GDM have low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) shortly after birth. Severe episodes of hypoglycemia may cause #seizures in the baby.
🔸 Obesity and type 2 diabetes later in life. Babies of mothers who have GDM have a higher risk of developing #obesity and #type_2_diabetes later in life.
🔸 Stillbirth or Neo-natal death Untreated GDM can result in a baby’s death either before or shortly after birth.
🛑Complications affecting Mother
GDM may also increase your risk of:
🧿High blood pressure and preeclampsia.
🧿Having a surgical delivery (C-section).
🧿Future diabetes. If GDM in one pregnancy, you’re more likely to get it again during a future pregnancy. You also have a higher risk of type 2 diabetes as you get older.
😄If you’re at #average risk of GDM, you’ll likely have a screening test during your #2nd_trimester — between 24 and 28 weeks of pregnancy.
😡If you’re at #high_risk of diabetes — for example, if you’re 🔺overweight or 🔺obese before pregnancy or you have a 🔺mother, 🔺father, 🔺sibling or 🔺child with diabetes — your doctor may test for diabetes #early in pregnancy, likely at your #first_prenatal_visit.
Treatment for gestational diabetes includes:
🩸Blood sugar monitoring
🩸Medication, if necessary
Managing your blood sugar levels helps keep you and your baby healthy. Close management can also help you avoid complications during pregnancy and delivery.
💌 Eat healthy foods. Choose foods high in fiber and low in fat and calories. Focus on fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Watch portion sizes
💌 Keep active. Exercising before and during pregnancy can help protect you from developing gestational diabetes. Aim for 30 minutes of moderate activity on most days of the week. Take a brisk daily walk.
💌 Start pregnancy at a healthy weight. If you’re planning to get pregnant, losing extra weight beforehand may help you have a healthier pregnancy.
💌 Don’t gain more weight than recommended.
gaining too much weight too quickly can up your risk of GDM