4 common Health Problems in Women

Help and Points taken from https://www.webmd.com. (https://www.webmd.com/dulce-zamora)

There are five medical conditions that are of great concern to women: 

1)Heart Disease 2) Breast Cancer 3)Osteoporosis 4)Depression) b

Lets look at the risk factors for each disease and ask the experts what women could do to prevent such ailments.

In order to make full use of this information, Saralyn Mark, MD, encourages women to take charge of their health. She says women need to work in partnership with their doctors by finding out their family medical history, educating themselves on health issues, and paying attention to their bodies.

Heart Disease

Heart attack symptoms differ in women

Heart Disease is the leading killer of both men and women. In women, the condition is responsible for about 29% of deaths, reports the CDC.

Although more men die of heart disease than women, females tend to be underdiagnosed, often to the point that it’s too late to help them once the condition is discovered.
“The symptoms for women are typical for women, and they are often missed by doctors and the patient themselves,

Some women may have symptoms like Chest Pain, but others may just have a little bit of  Jaw pain, Shoulder pain, Nausea, Vomiting, or shortness of breath.

The risk factors for heart disease are:-

  • Increasing age
  • Heredity (including race). People with family history of the disease have greater risk. So do Asians, Africans, Mexicans, Native Americans
  • Smoking
  • High Blood cholesterol
  • High blood pressure
  • Physical inactivity, Lack of Exercise
  • Obesity and Over wieght
  • Diabetes

Women can reduce their risk of heart disease risk, by modifying lifestyle to include a well-balanced Diet and Exercise

Breast Cancer

Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women. It is second to Lung cancer  as the leading cause of death for women

The fear of breast cancer can sometimes be exaggerated, stopping women from going to their doctors for screening.

The American cancer Society lists the following as risk factors for breast cancer.

  • Increasing age
  • Genes. Nearly 5% to 10% of breast  cancer is linked to mutations in certain genes (most commonly, the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes).
  • Family history of the disease
  • Personal history of the disease
  • Race. White women have a slightly greater risk of getting breast cancer compared with African-American women. Yet African-Americans have a greater chance of dying from this disease.
  • Earlier abnormal breast biopsy
  • Earlier chest radiation
  • Early onset of menstruation..(before age 12) or Menopause after age 55 yrs
  • Not having children
  • Medication use, such as diethylstilbestrol (DES)
  • Too much alcohol
  • Obesity

Osteoporosis

The older women had to accept hunched backs, back pain and frailty used to be thingsbefore doctors knew anything more about Osteoporosis. Now, there are steps women and girls can take to avoid such problems.

Osteoporosis threatens 68% of women, reports the National Osteoporosis  Foundation.

“Osteoporosis is largely preventable. The behaviors that women develop in their childhood, in their adolescence, and in their early adult years really play a significant role in the development of the disease.”

That’s because bodies build up most of bone mass until age 30. Then new bone stops forming and the focus is on maintenance of old bone.

It is never too late to keep bones strong and avoid fractures.

Your own body will repair bone damage, but you have to provide the tools for it, such as adequate Calcium consumption and weight-bearing  Exercise

Risk factors for osteoporosis include:

  • Female 
  • Increasing age
  • Small, thin-boned frame
  • Ethnicity. White and Asian women have the greatest risk.
  • Family history
  • Infrequent menstrual cycles and Eastrogen loss due to Menopause ,may increase risk
  • Diet low in Calcium and Vitamin D
  • Medication use, particularly glucocorticoids(Cortisones), or some anticonvulsants
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Smoking
  • Excessive alcohol

Talk to your doctor about your possible risk of osteoporosis, and what you can do to prevent problems.

Depression

Depression appears to affect more women than men. The National Institute of Mental Health reports that about 12 million women are affected by a depressive disorder each year compared to about 6 million men

Dorreen Lynn, PhD, a Psychologist and author of Getting Sane Without Going Crazy, says women need a connection with others in their lives.

“They need that sustenance,” says Lynn. “If they don’t have it, they tend to get depressed.”

Sometimes, hormonal changes can also trigger the condition, particularly after Pregnancy (postpartum) or around menopause.

Other risk factors for  Depression include:

  • A previous depressive episode
  • Family history of depression
  • History of heart problems
  • Serious chronic illness
  • Marital problems
  • Substance use
  • A stressful life event, such as job loss or death
  • Diseases that could trigger depression, such as vitamin deficiency and Thyroid disease
  • Recent serious illness or surgery
  • Childhood history of physical or sexual abuse
  • Being a worrier or being overly anxious
  • Having an Eating disorder or an Anxiety disorder

To help reduce risk of depression, Lynn recommends finding a reason to get up in the morning. She says things such as work, community, love, pets, and volunteering can be good reasons.

Lynn says “Statistically, the healthiest adults, both in women and men, are people in significant caring relationships” . She says adults not in nurturing relationships can reduce their risk of depression by making efforts to reach out into the community.

.

Fatty Liver disease

What is fatty liver disease?

Fatty liver disease (steatosis) is a common condition caused by having too much fat build up in your liver. A healthy liver contains a small amount of fat. It becomes a problem when fat reaches 5% to 10% of your liver’s weight.

In 7% to 30% of people with the condition, fatty liver disease gets worse over time. It progresses through three stages:

  1. Your liver becomes inflamed (swollen), which damages its tissue. This stage is called steatohepatitis.
  2. Scar tissue forms where your liver is damaged. This process is called fibrosis.
  3. Extensive scar tissue replaces healthy tissue. At this point, you have cirrhosis of the liver.

Symptoms and Causes

Who gets fatty liver disease?

You have a greater chance of developing fatty liver disease if you:

  • Are of Hispanic or Asian descent.
  • Have completed menopause (your periods have stopped).
  • Have obesity with a high level of belly fat.
  • Have high blood pressure, diabetes or high cholesterol.
  • Have obstructive sleep apnea (a blocked airway that causes breathing to stop and start during sleep).

What causes fatty liver disease?

Some people get fatty liver disease without having any pre-existing conditions. But these risk factors make you more likely to develop it:

What are the symptoms of fatty liver disease?

People with fatty liver disease often have no symptoms until the disease progresses to cirrhosis of the liver. If you do have symptoms, they may include:

  • Abdominal pain or a feeling of fullness in the upper right side of the abdomen (belly).
  • Nausea, loss of appetite or weight loss.
  • Yellowish skin and whites of the eyes (jaundice).
  • Swollen abdomen and legs (edema).
  • Extreme tiredness or mental confusion.
  • Weakness.

How is fatty liver disease diagnosed?

Because fatty liver disease often has no symptoms, your doctor may be the first one to spot it. Higher levels of liver enzymes (elevated liver enzymes) that turn up on a blood test for other conditions may raise a red flag. Elevated liver enzymes are a sign your liver is injured. To make a diagnosis, your doctor may order: 

How is fatty liver disease treated?

There’s no medication specifically for fatty liver disease. Instead, doctors focus on helping you manage factors that contribute to the condition. They also recommend making lifestyle changes that can significantly improve your health. Treatment includes:

  • Avoiding alcohol.
  • Losing weight.
  • Taking medications to manage diabetes, cholesterol and triglycerides (fat in the blood).
  • Taking vitamin E and thiazolidinediones (drugs used to treat diabetes such as Actos® and Avandia®) in specific instances .

How can fatty liver disease be prevented?

The best way to avoid fatty liver disease is to do the things that maintain overall health:

  • Stay at a healthy weight. If you have overweight/obesity, lose weight gradually.
  • Exercise regularly.
  • Limit your alcohol consumption.
  • Take medications as prescribed.

What is a good fatty liver diet?

Follow a balanced diet to lose weight slowly but steadily. Rapid weight loss can actually make fatty liver disease worse. Doctors often recommend the Mediterranean diet, which is high in vegetables, fruits and good fats. Ask your doctor or nutritionist for advice on healthy weight loss techniques.

https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/15831-fatty-liver-disease

💝Power of Lifestyle change 💝

If you decide to go all in and adopt a whole-foods, plant-based, minimally processed diet, you will likely find yourself losing weight and feeling better, without the need for calorie-counting.


🥲If you have 🙀food and 😱lifestyle-related diseases, such as
🛑 high blood pressure
🛑high cholesterol
🛑heart disease
🛑erectile dysfunction
🛑fatty liver disease
🛑diabetes
➡️you will likely be able to work with your provider to reduce, if not get rid of some of your medications, and possibly reverse the disease process
✳️ you are surrounded by a #toxic food environment that makes it too easy to choose convenience or processed foods that are not nutritious versus nutritious whole foods. No wonder that society is #fatigued and rapidly gaining #weight
❤️ Most medical professionals agree that the 💚healthiest way to maintain a healthy weight
🧡feel good
💛& prevent chronic disease is to eat a diet that is rich in:

🔸Vegetables
🔸Fruits
🔸Whole grains
🔸Plant-based proteins (e.g., legumes, lentils and soy-based products)
🟢In addition, this diet should be #low in 🟥animal products, 🟥saturated fats and 🟥refined sugars.

https://communityhealth.mayoclinic.org/featured-stories/maintain-healthy-weight/?utm_source=web&utm_medium=community-health&utm_campaign=maintain-healthy-weight&utm_content=twitter

DASH Eating Plan

DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) is a flexible and balanced eating plan that helps create a heart-healthy eating style for life.

https://healthyeating.nhlbi.nih.gov/

Description of the DASH Eating Plan

  • Eating vegetables, fruits, and whole grains
  • Including fat-free or low-fat dairy products, fish, poultry, beans, nuts, and vegetable oils
  • Limiting foods that are high in saturated fat, such as fatty meats, full-fat dairy products, and tropical oils such as coconut, palm kernel, and palm oils
  • Limiting sugar-sweetened beverages and sweets

Based on these recommendations, the following table shows examples of daily and weekly servings that meet DASH eating plan targets for a 2,000-calorie-a-day diet.

Food Group

Grains

Daily Servings

6–8

Meats, poultry, and fish

Daily Servings

6 or less

Vegetables

Daily Servings

4–5

Fruit

Daily Servings

4–5

Low-fat or fat-free dairy products

Daily Servings

2–3

Fats and oils

Daily Servings

2–3

Sodium

Daily Servings

2,300 mg*

Daily Servings

Weekly Servings

Nuts, seeds, dry beans, and peas

Daily Servings

4–5

Sweets

Daily Servings

5 or less

When following the DASH eating plan, it is important to choose foods that are:

  • Low in saturated and trans fats
  • Rich in potassium, calcium, magnesium, fiber, and protein
  • Lower in sodium
Eat this: vegetables, fruits, whole grains, fat-free or low-fat dairy, fish, poultry, beans, nuts and seeds, vegetable oils. Limit this: fatty meats, full-fat dairy, sugar sweetened beverages, sweets, sodium intake.

In addition to the low-sodium version of DASH, another modification includes swapping 10% of daily carbohydrates for protein or unsaturated fats.

Meals revolve around foods naturally rich in potassium, calcium, magnesium, fiber, and protein, and low in sodium, sugar, and unhealthy fats.

Additional resources integrate heart-healthy tips for fitting in exercise, maintaining a healthful body weight, and limiting or avoiding alcohol.

For more on benefits of the DASH diet, visit: https://healthyeating.nhlbi.nih.gov

𝐈𝐧𝐭𝐞𝐫𝐦𝐢𝐭𝐭𝐞𝐧𝐭 𝐅𝐚𝐬𝐭𝐢𝐧𝐠 & 𝐈𝐧𝐬𝐮𝐥𝐢𝐧 𝐑𝐞𝐬𝐢𝐬𝐭𝐞𝐧𝐜𝐞: Benefits Beyond Weight Loss

Fasting for at least 16 hours gives the body a chance to rest and allows blood levels of insulin to drop significantly. Not only does this help burn fat, it can also lower your risk of disease, particularly diabetes and pre-diabetes.


𝐀 𝐫𝐚𝐧𝐠𝐞 𝐨𝐟 𝐌𝐞𝐭𝐚𝐛𝐨𝐥𝐢𝐜 𝐁𝐞𝐧𝐞𝐟𝐢𝐭𝐬
📍 Insulin resistance can cause blood sugar levels to rise above a healthy range, putting you at risk for diabetes.
📍 When fasting decreases insulin levels, it can be very helpful to people with diabetes and pre-diabetes, and people who struggle with their blood pressure and blood sugar levels,
📍 This also includes people with strong responses to insulin and hormone irregularity, like those with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Intermittent fasting can help people with PCOS control their insulin levels, balance their hormones and therefore improve their health and the symptoms of their disease.
🧮𝐈𝐧𝐭𝐞𝐫𝐦𝐢𝐭𝐭𝐞𝐧𝐭 𝐅𝐚𝐬𝐭𝐢𝐧𝐠 𝐯𝐬 𝐂𝐚𝐥𝐨𝐫𝐢𝐜 𝐑𝐞𝐬𝐭𝐫𝐢𝐜𝐭𝐢𝐨𝐧
Recent studies have found no difference in caloric restriction & intermittent fasting
📍 𝐐𝐮𝐚𝐥𝐢𝐭𝐲 of food is much more important than the 𝐪𝐮𝐚𝐧𝐭𝐢𝐭𝐲
📕 A bagel or cereal may be lower calorie than an omelet, but they will have a much different effect on hunger, satiety, insulin and blood sugar levels. When you lower calories without addressing the type of food, it’s very difficult to sustain and can eventually lower metabolism and increase hunger levels.”
📍 correlation between improved insulin control and other metabolic responses in the body, such as decreased inflammation, pain, gut health and overall health, even without significant weight loss.

Most meal skippers don’t eat all day.

Most meal skippers don’t eat all day. They wait until evening.

In the world of weight loss, no good can come of eating after 7 p.m

In fact, when you eat after dinner, it’s easier to gain weight and harder to lose it.

If you don’t eat during the day — when you’re more active — you burn fewer calories.

Then if you eat a large meal and snack at night — when you’re more sedentary — you have very little time to burn calories before bed.

Once you go to sleep, your body will store calories instead of using them for energy.

Just because a person doesn’t hit you , doesn’t mean they aren’t abusive

𝐉𝐮𝐬𝐭 𝐛𝐞𝐜𝐚𝐮𝐬𝐞 𝐚 𝐩𝐞𝐫𝐬𝐨𝐧 (man or woman) 𝐝𝐨𝐞𝐬𝐧’𝐭 𝐡𝐢𝐭 𝐲𝐨𝐮, 𝐝𝐨𝐞𝐬𝐧’𝐭 𝐦𝐞𝐚𝐧 𝐭𝐡𝐞𝐲 𝐚𝐫𝐞𝐧’𝐭 𝐚𝐛𝐮𝐬𝐢𝐯𝐞.


Abuse is also:

🫣When they put you down or humiliate you in front of others.

😭When they call you a bitch, whore, or cunt.

🥹 When they accuse you of being “too sensitive” or “too emotional.”

☹️When they insist on checking your phone to see who texts and calls you.

😢When they decide where you can and can’t go, who you can and can’t see.

😡When they try to isolate you from family and friends.

😭 When they don’t believe you and accuse you of wrongdoing.

😔When they blame you for their problems or life difficulties.

😱When they don’t even care whether you cry yourself to sleep because of something they did.

𝐃𝐨𝐧’𝐭 𝐭𝐨𝐥𝐞𝐫𝐚𝐭𝐞 emotional abuse thinking it’s OK because it’s not physical. Don’t be the person who loves them enough to stay. Be the person who loves themselves enough to leave.

𝐖𝐡𝐚𝐭 𝐢𝐬 𝐃𝐨𝐦𝐞𝐬𝐭𝐢𝐜 𝐕𝐢𝐨𝐥𝐞𝐧𝐜𝐞 & 𝐀𝐛𝐮𝐬𝐞?

Vitamin B12

✋Vitamin B12🦶
As you get older, your body may not absorb B12 as easily. If you don’t treat it, low levels of B12 could lead to anemia, nerve damage, moodiness, and other serious problems.

☢️Do your hands, feet, or legs feel like they’re on “pins and needles”? ☣️Shortage of B12 can damage the protective sheath that covers your nerves.


✴️Diseases like celiac, Crohn’s, or other gut illnesses may make it harder for your body to absorb the vitamin.
🈸So can taking some heartburn drugs.

🥶Without enough B12, you might not have enough healthy red blood cells to move oxygen around your body (anemia). That can leave you shivering and cold, especially in your hands and feet.🥶


⚖️ A lack of B12 may lead to depression, confusion, memory problems, and dementia. It also can affect your balance.
🥴Your doctor might call it #atrophic #glossitis. Tiny bumps on your tongue called papillae start to waste away. That makes it look and feel kind of smooth and glossy. Infections, medication, and other conditions can cause it, too. But if not enough B12 or other nutrients is to blame, your tongue also may be sore.

🛑 If you take more than what you need, your body passes the rest out through your pee. Still, high doses could have some side effects, like dizziness, headache, anxiety, nausea, and vomiting.🛑
🔆🔆🔆 You can get more vitamin B12 from chicken, eggs, and fish. But one of best sources by far is something that may not be a regular on your menu: beef liver.🔆🔆🔆
💊💊💊 Some drugs drop your B12 levels or make it harder for your body to use the vitamin. They include:

Chloramphenicol, an antibiotic used to treat infection
Proton pump inhibitors like lansoprazole (Prevacid) and omeprazole (Prilosec)
Peptic ulcer meds like cimetidine (Tagamet) and famotidine (Pepcid)
Metformin for diabetes.
Tell your doctor and pharmacist 💊💊💊
👨🏿‍⚕️👨🏿‍⚕️👨🏿‍⚕️ One of the more common weight loss operations is called “#gastric_bypass.” After the surgery, food bypasses parts of your stomach and small intestine.
🤰🏻🤰🏻🤰🏻🤰🏻 Talk to your doctor about B12 supplements, both during pregnancy and breastfeeding. Infants who don’t get enough could have serious and permanent damage to their nerves or brain cells. Your baby might need supplements, too.🤰🏻🤰🏻🤰🏻🤰🏻

𝐇𝐨𝐰 𝐦𝐚𝐧𝐲 𝐒𝐮𝐠𝐚𝐫 𝐜𝐚𝐥𝐨𝐫𝐢𝐞𝐬 𝐝𝐨 𝐡𝐞𝐚𝐥𝐭𝐡𝐲 𝐟𝐨𝐨𝐝𝐬 𝐚𝐜𝐭𝐮𝐚𝐥𝐥𝐲 𝐡𝐚𝐯𝐞?

Here are a few examples of total carbohydrate grams in some healthy foods, translated into sugar calories:

🍎 Medium-size apple (3-inch diameter) has about 20 total carb grams. That’s 80 sugar calories.
🍌 Medium banana has 30 grams. 120 sugar calories. Over the limit.
🍚 Half-cup of medium-grain cooked brown rice has 22 grams. 88 sugar calories.
🧆 Half-cup of cooked black beans has 20 grams. 80 sugar calories.
🥣 Non-fat plain yogurt (1.8-ounce container) has 17 grams. 68 sugar calories.
As you can see, it won’t take much to put you over the daily limit of sugar calories!

🌰Controlling carbs is important —
🍯Watching your carbs is definitely a good idea.
🥙But eating a balanced diet is more important, and so is portion control.
You can manage weight by eating just about anything — just not overeating.

Losing fat so quickly, affects electrolytes and your body’s balance. That’s why you should check with your doctor before starting a super low-carb diet like this.

Carbs, healthy fats and protein, and the fiber, vitamins and minerals that you get from lots of fruits and vegetables are all part of a good diet. And so is naturally occurring sugar!

So rather than going on a crash diet, I advise you to take the weight off safely and gradually — 1 or 2 pounds a week. And you’ll have a much better chance of keeping it off.